Virtual Digital Assets-The legal Crypto Currencies Today

The first-ever crypto currency to hit the market was Bitcoin which was invented by a person or a group using the alias Satoshi Nakamoto. This was back in 2009.

Since then, several Crypto currencies have been launched. Some of the most popular is Bitcoin Cash, Ripple (XRP), Litecoin, etc. An estimate claims that more than 8,000 crypto currencies exist as of January 2022.

As per a recent study by Nasscom and WazirX, India’s crypto currency market has seen exponential growth over the past few years. The investment by Indians in Crypto currency is estimated to touch $ 241 million by 2030.India has the highest number of crypto owners globally in the current scenario.

At this point, no legislation governs, regulates, or prohibits the dealing of crypto currencies in India. Therefore, it is not strictly illegal to sell, purchase, deal or mine crypto currencies or set up any crypto currency exchange in India.

Risks associated with an investment in crypto currencies

Speculations were going around about introducing a bill in the Winter Session of Parliament to ban or regulate Crypto currencies. However, no such bill was introduced.

During the presentation of the Union Budget 2022, the Govt. has cleared its stand that it is not going to prohibit Indians from dealing in Crypto currencies but will regulate it. Some provisions have been proposed in the Income-tax Act to regulate investments in crypto currencies, NFTs or other virtual digital assets, applicable from the assessment year 2023-24. Thus, any transfer of virtual digital assets on or after 01-04-2022 shall be taxable as per new provisions proposed by the Finance Bill, 2022.

Also, a new clause (47A) has been inserted in Section 2, which provides an exclusive definition of a Virtual Digital Asset. Since its introduction, a virtual digital asset shall be classified as a crypto currency, NFT or another virtual digital asset as notified by the Central Govt.

The Government did not clarify the classification of virtual digital assets as a currency, commodity, or security. Without any such clarification, a virtual digital asset would be classified as a capital asset.

If purchased for investments by a taxpayer

Crypto currencies or NFTs would be deemed capital assets. Any gain arising on the transfer of such assets shall be taxable as capital gains. However, it would be held that the taxpayer is trading in such assets if the transactions are substantial and frequent. In this case, income from the sale of such assets should be taxable as business income.

Bitcoin may be the first crypto currency to be introduced to the market, and it was created by a person or group under the moniker Satoshi Nakamoto. This happened in 2009.

Several crypto currencies have been established since then. Bitcoin Cash, Ripple (XRP), Litecoin, and other cryptocurrencies are among the most popular. According to one projection, there will be over 8,000 crypto currencies in January 2022.

According to a recent survey conducted by Nasscom and WazirX

India’s crypto currency business has grown at an exponential rate in recent years. By 2030, Indians are expected to have invested $ 241 million in crypto currency. In the current situation, India has the biggest number of cryptocurrency owners in the world.

In India, there is currently no legislation that supervises, regulates, or restricts the trading of crypto currencies. As a result, selling, purchasing, trading, or mining crypto currencies, as well as establishing a crypto currency exchange, are not absolutely banned in India.

Given the multiple hazards connected with investing in crypto currencies, there were rumours that a measure will be introduced in Parliament’s Winter Session to prohibit or regulate crypto currencies. However, no such legislation has been presented.

The government stated at the presentation of the Union Budget 2022 that it will not restrict Indians from trading in crypto currencies, but will regulate them. The Income-tax Act has been presented with some measures to govern crypto currency investments.

Budget 2022 for Crypto Currency

The government announced at the presentation of the Union Budget 2022 that it will not restrict Indians from trading in crypto currencies, but will regulate them. From the assessment year 2023-24, several measures in the Income-tax Act have been suggested to govern investments in crypto currencies, NFTs, and other virtual digital assets. As a result, under the new rules proposed by the Finance Bill 2022, any transfer of virtual digital assets made on or after April 1, 2022 will be taxed.

Under addition, in Section 2, a new clause (47A) has been added that gives an exclusive definition of a Virtual Digital Asset. Since its inception, a virtual digital asset has been designated as a crypto currency, a non-fungible token (NFT), or another virtual digital asset by the Central Government. Subscriptions to any OTT platform, mobile applications, e-commerce platforms, and other similar services are not included in the definition.

Indian Government on Cryptocurrency

The government has not said whether virtual digital assets are classified as a money, commodity, or security. A virtual digital asset would be classed as a capital asset if there was no such clarification.

As a result, crypto currencies or NFTs would be considered capital assets if bought for investment purposes by a taxpayer. Any profit realised on the sale of such assets will be taxed as capital gains. However, it would be held that the taxpayer is trading in such assets if the transactions are considerable and frequent. Income from the sale of such assets should be taxed as business income in this scenario.

Bitcoin is developing a decentralised system that will make it simpler for traders to track and manage their holdings. You may also trade these currencies with other traders in order to make a profit. There are safeguards in place to protect investors from fraudulent practises. Furthermore, the technical team is constantly altering the legislation regulating this investment to meet the needs of its clients.

Bitcoin is essentially a digital money. But how does it get across the globe? Where does it all begin?

Exploration and mining

The project begins with a trustless ledger-based mining procedure. Traders can only transact via blockchain because everything is done electronically. For ordinary computers, these transactions can be complicated, but bitcoin’s software makes the procedure much easier.

Without this level of knowledge, malevolent individuals might use the platform and deceive naive traders. As a result, ‘proof of work’ is required to validate these transactions. Bitcoin uses software to digest, record, and execute all transactions.

Beginners have no idea how the bitcoin network works. While mining isn’t crucial, you should be aware of how the cash is traded. Here’s how to get started. After you’ve funded your wallet, you may begin trading bitcoins. The use of these currencies for trading has grown in popularity.

Governments all around the world are battling for control over crypto currencies. The rules regulating the purchase and sale of bitcoins are constantly changing and might be confusing. Perhaps you can learn how to choose an exchange and even convert XMR to BTC in depth.


Cryptos are indeed an up-and-coming trading trend with a near-zero chance of failure. Bitcoin is currently in the lead, accounting for a significant portion of the blockchain market. As a result, more investors from across the world are likely to take a chance on this investment, which may be the next big thing in the financial sector. While bitcoin has a bright future, it is important to invest intelligently.

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