What is solar energy?
Solar energy is the heat and radiant light received from the sunlight. Sunlight that is received is composed of most visible light. This energy is abundant in most of the areas. It is a good source of energy as it is renewable as well as cheap to get. It is harnessed and utilized for tasks such as Water heating, Heating, cooling and ventilation, Process heat, Water treatment, Molten salt technology, and electricity production. The largest practice of the resource is electricity production. That is an efficient source for the purpose.
It is the most excessive source of energy on this planet earth. It can be used in several ways to make life better for human beings around this globe. The main source of solar energy is the sun. It originates from the sun and is then captured using various methods.
How does solar energy work?
Sun has been a point of discussion for mankind. From the first day of mankind, there were different theories that were associated with the sun. It was believed in old ages that the Sun has ultimate power and is running the whole system of the earth. Some people thought that the Sun was God and started praying for them.
Truth is that the Sun has some powers and it also produces energy. Due to the production of its energy many systems of this world are running. For example, the system of our weather is solely dependent on the Sun. Plants need sunlight to do their photosynthesis process. Without the sun all these things are not possible.
Actually, the sun contains photons. Each photon is a pack of energy. The energy that the sun produces is called solar energy and is used by various things in this world. Moreover, it is very vital for the survival of many processes like photosynthesis.
All this energy that is making different processes run is coming from the Sun. Centre of so much energy is the sun because of the nuclear fusion that is taking place at the core of the sun. This nuclear fusion produces a huge amount of energy that is transformed to our earth in the form of heat and light.
This solar energy is then collected via various sources and is utilized in the best capacity possible for all the users. This is a very good source of energy for the world in this modern era where each and every device requires some sort of energy to run. Solar energy is a very clean energy source compared to other forms of energy. It is also renewable and will not damage our environment like other sources of energy.
Solar energy is relatively very cheap as compared to other sources of energy. This technology is getting popular among people and it’s technology is also growing and improving rapidly. There will be a surge in the use of solar energy in the near future.
Types of Solar Energy:
Mainly there are two types of solar energy. Different technologies are used to extract the energy that is produced by the sun. Both of these methods are really common and are used among people according to their ease. These are explained below:
- Photovoltaic Solar Technology directly converts solar energy into electricity. It uses the panels that are made up of mostly semiconductors material. This is a really common method and is widely used by people. It is also known as photovoltaic. It is very common among small installations or small projects. For example, in homes where solar panels are installed this technique is used.
- Solar Thermal Technology is another method that is also widely used. In this method heat that is produced by the sun is captured. This heath is then converted to mechanical energy and is then converted into electricity. This is also a relatively simple method that goes through two transformations first from heat to mechanical energy and then converted into electricity. It is usually used for large scale installations. For example, in mega energy production, this technique is used.
What is cloud computing?
Cloud computing is the delivery of on-demand computing services which includes applications to storage and processing power which have now adopted solar based green data center solutions. Typically cloud computing is practiced over the internet and on a pay-as-you-go basis and it has become cheaper for green hosting.
Clouds may be limited to a single organization (enterprise clouds) like a central bank server. Or it can be available to many organizations (public cloud). Their access varies according to application. A large cloud system can be accessed from wide locations such as Google drive by Google which also plans to adopt to a green data center soon.
One of the most significant advantages of cloud computing is availability. The main server needs to be active in operational hours. Thus, the users can access the service at any time through the network without any problem.
Emerging applications of this remote service are wide. It will be utilized for the data and instructions stored in many AI projects. Its availability and fast access to the whole data makes it practical for such places where the fast response is mandatory.
However, ensuring cloud data security for cloud desktop, QuickBooks server hosting etc. and eliminating malfunctioning is the biggest challenge for the type of computing. Assuring both is the most important step for the setup.
Uses of Solar energy
Solar energy is the fastest growing renewable energy today. Among all the environment-friendly processes of electric production, this is the most practical. Practical in many ways like it doesn’t need too many organizations for control and management like Nuke needs. Also, its raw material or source is sunlight. Which is abundant and has no cost to receive. Moreover, unlike other renewable practices, it is easiest to manage and install. For other methods such as dams need a huge structure. But this is quite simpler to install. And it yields a great amount of energy.
Because of the mentioned properties, it is growing rapidly. A large number of houses, firms, and housing societies have shifted to it. Many are opting for this setup for their energy production.
Solar Energy is used for various purposes. One of the most common uses of solar energy is to produce electricity. Electricity is an important essential in this modern world. There are a huge number of devices that run on electricity and without electricity these electronic devices are useless. Electricity produced in the world right now has many complications. Many countries are producing electricity with the usage of natural resources. So, a lot of natural resources like fossil fuels are wasted for the production of electricity. Many nations are using gasoline and oil for the production of electricity.
All these methods are really expensive for the production of electricity. Moreover, they are not only costing high but they are also making this beautiful world polluted. The environment is an important issue than money in this modern world because changes in the environment have resulted in many new complications and challenges. There are some countries which do not have any natural resources. For such countries production of electricity is really a big problem.
For all these problems related to electricity production. Solar energy comes out to be a viable solution. It does not have any environmental-related challenges and is also a very viable solution for those countries which do not have any kind of natural resources. Moreover, solar energy is also very cheap compared to other sources and it is such a natural resource that is available to the majority of people of this globe. Hopefully, it will solve the problem of electricity production in the world.
Solar Energy is also used for heating the water. As we discussed earlier, energy from the sun is transferred in the from heat and light. So this heat is basically used to generate warm water. There are many countries where the temperature is usually low which results in coldness. This is all done with the usage of solar water heaters. These heaters absorb sunlight and heat the water which is then transferred to the water and then eventually used for different purposes. This is really a good and easy technique that can solve the problem of warm water.
Solar lighting is also becoming very common among people now. People are using solar energy to do lightening of their homes. This is much more reliable, convenient and easy to use for them.
Similarly, solar vehicles are also introduced now. They are also a hot topic for research and development nowadays. Many tech giant companies and developed countries are working on such working models. This will be really innovative if solar vehicles start operating commonly. It will surely lessen the pollution caused by most of the vehicles. Surely, it will make our environment better and clean. Many such bikes and cars have been developed in America and many electric cars can also use solar energy in the future.
IoT – Future approach for the management of solar energy
The use of solar panels has increased worldwide in the last decade. In the coming decades, this pattern will continue up to a 600% to 700% increase. As much as the industry is growing, several challenges have arrived. While fulfilling the power need of the whole society or dealing with a large production, hundreds or thousands of panels are used. More installations mean more endpoints to monitor and guarantee. Monitoring all of them is really a big deal for the administrators. While solar energy companies have depended on manual processes to supervise everything. However, this approach is no longer practical due to the sector’s size and increase.
To cope with the issue, solar energy firms can adopt the Internet of Things, also known as the Internet of Everything. With IoT, solar panels will have Internet-connected endpoints. Those points will be designed with machine-to-machine interactivity. They will track the condition of panels with some regular duration and send the real-time insight report to management teams through the network.
The use of IoT will change the sector dramatically. Experts assert that IoT’s largest contribution to energy industry firms is in the area of predictive analytics and big data. Because these sensors collect large amounts of data, companies can use this information to monitor their installations more closely. In addition, data analysis tools can provide organizations with an opportunity to use past data and more accurately predict future results.
All the data will be stored in a cloud server. That server will also have appropriate commands and programs to be executed in a different situation. If AI is utilized then this network will automatically execute the commands from the main storage. A fast network and practice of the central cloud server will ensure the activity in real-time.
Data-driven using connected devices will bring a wave of innovation in the Solar energy yield. In the future, cities will be smart by the means of IoT. And in such cities, solar energy will be the main production source. From plant to home level, solar will be used for heating homes, electricity production, cooking purposes, and water heating. So, cloud computing and monitoring solar panels will give ease in managing the system.
IoT networks are complex to install. Before integration, you need to connect solar panels to the utility grid. You also need to ensure that your cellular modules, gateways, and web platforms are all integrated properly, without breaks in connectivity or issue in data security.
Solar energy has its own benefits. Cloud computing and the Internet of things will enhance it further. Actually, cloud computing will receive data from installed devices in real-time.
Many countries have started to rely on solar production. So both the technology will be fruitful for them as well.
Artificial Intelligence, machine learning, and self-learning machines will lessen the effort of IT professionals. Automated machines and programs will govern the field. Hence, fewer people will be required and more efficiency will be ensured. Also, this modern type of monitoring will reduce vulnerabilities of outages.